Ups Load Calculation Formula Pdf


For example, the formula FedEx uses is height times width times length measured in. Project Engineer, Newport News Shipbuilding. This step accounts for future expansion. The DAQ, USB 6009 is selected for this project. (Note: You must use the serial cable that was supplied with the unit). Genset Size Required to Start a 3 Phase Electric Motor HP of Motor = Generator kVA Required. It also provides the user with a detailed transient analysis, which identifies the load sequences and the loads in that sequence that are causing the greatest system transients – voltage and frequency. This time depends on the load application; for example, there is no point in measuring power demand of an office network in the evening when very few staff will have their PC powered on. Calculate Size of Inverter for following Electrical Load. Select 40 Watt 60 Watt 100 Watt. Continuing Education and Development, Inc. gl/VHK4zi ----- Click. servers and storage devices as IT load is obvious, and the designation of UPS and cool- ing/air-handling units as physical infrastructure is obvious, there are many power-consuming subsystems in the data center that have a less obvious place in the efficiency calculation,. is the filter capacitor that supplies the load current. The next piece of the density puzzle is knowing the weight of your load. But most battery shop owners don't let their customers know the simple formula to calculate the Back-up time of inverter battery. W/m^2 conditions), less any continuous load current, is less than 5 % of the selected battery bank capacity (at the 8 hour discharge rate0). 1 BTU/hr translates to 0. DC Voltage – 216 for 3 KVA 2. , to protect people and property. Use the standard power formula to calculate amp use: W = V x A. Power Requirement Calculator. Now you can take the advantage of this calculator to do this job J You can also check the classical Wire & Cable Size Calculator in (AWG) Calculating Wire/Cable Size formula for single Phase Circuits. Engineering Analysis Stress and Strain Equations and Calculations Structural Analysis, Thread Stress Area, Machine Lever Equations and Calculations, Friction Equations, AGMA Gear Design, Strength of Materials. These reasons include: • System effi ciency. The impedance is calculated as: \(Z_c = SQRT(R_c^2 + X_c^2)\). Eaton's Power Consumption Calculator. So, if a battery has 10 Ampere hour rating, it will last for 10 hours if it takes 1 Amperes of current. In order to find the K-Factor you will need to bend a sample piece and deduce the Bend Allowance. Load is the power that is consumed by your UPS. The UPS inverter supplies a constant power (constant wattage) to the critical load. 8, which is the max. The UPS And Determining The Required Capacity Above: UPS made by APC, this model has a 1500 VAC rating and features a Serial Port for communicating to other devices (119,640 bytes). For Example 5KW UPS at 95% efficiency means 0. Amperes when kVA is known. Power Calculators for quick electical generator power consumption, sizing, and unit conversion. PHD Powerhouse are specialist providers of top-of-the line UPS Systems and Power Protection and more at low costs. We're calculating battery capacity so use battery voltage (e. (The power will be stated in volt-amps or VA) Also included in the tool 20% of the rated UPS load. This method is based on a theoretical manipulation of the numerical moment method and of the. Arc Blast Calculator - Spreadsheet to calculate Arc Blast in accordance with NFPA 70E. This is recommended by the NEC 210. PDF_lineto — Draw a line; PDF_load_3ddata — Load 3D model; PDF_load_font — Search and prepare font; PDF_load_iccprofile — Search and prepare ICC profile; PDF_load_image — Open image file; PDF_makespotcolor — Make spot color; PDF_moveto — Set current point; PDF_new — Create PDFlib object; PDF_open_ccitt — Open raw CCITT image. If heating water in a jug, adding around 10% to the total should compensate for ineffeciencies. Input load KW and load KVAr into Calculator-1 or line-to-line voltage (kV) and current (Amp) into Calculator-2 to calculate Total Power (kVA). Simply select your loads and the wattage calculator will determine your continous, maximum and average wattage requirements based on your load's rated and surge wattage. Average use of Equipment is 0. Calculation. Power Calculators for quick electical generator power consumption, sizing, and unit conversion. Considerations of Stream Restoration Projects (PDF): This is a short description of what constitutes a "qualifying" MS4 stream restoration. This provides more flexibility and scalability than a complete cabinet containing a single standalone system. Thus the effect is now known as Peukert's effect, the formula for calculating it is known as Peukert's equation, and the important number, unique to each battery type, that is put into the equation in order to perform the calculation, is known as Peukert's exponent. The UPS selection depends on the no of loads, if there is only one load, then the selection of UPS is simple and is based on the maximum peak Current. IEEE Recommended Practice for Calculating Short-Circuit Currents in Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Chapter 1 Introduction 1. The more closely the UPS capacity matches the load, the more efficiently the UPS will operate. for • New Hospitals • Replacement Hospitals • Ambulatory Care • Clinical Additions • Energy Centers • Outpatient Clinics • Animal Research Facilities • Laboratory Buildings Department of. Track promise dates, expedite orders, track shipments and view, print or save invoices all online. (K= 1,000) The full value in VA, 75,000 divided by 1. For many prospective power engineers especially involved in the business of alternative power generation primarily involving inverters, UPS and related technologies, solutions design is usually one of the major challenges. Look up the BTU/Hour heat loss for an e23T-3 firing at Cone 6. Substations are vast. 19(A)(1) Informational Note No. Voltage loss or drops through incorrectly sized cables are one of the most common reasons for low voltage (12V. 3(A) Note b]. To calculate kVA, you need to enter the known values of voltage and the current into the respective fields. It is so much necessary for you to do in order to know how long your equipment will be able to provide you the power you need for doing your work. Many electronic circuits can rapidly shift between a sleep state and full load operation, placing a heavy requirement on the power converter to stabilize its output voltage. Instantly compare air, ocean & sea cargo, and trucking freight quotes from 75+ providers with the perfect balance of price and transit time. 87 feet for our example. The UPS you buy should have a rating equal to or greater than the final number you arrived at in step 5, unless you have more precise load data for the equipment you are protecting. The final shape (contour) chosen in the build-up of a ULD needs to fit the allocated aircraft type (see page 15 for aircraft options). 6/14/02 Chapter 2: Basic Electrical Power Fundamentals 4/6 KVA is larger than KW because loads are inductive such as motors, discharge lighting, reactors and. UPS selection, installation and maintenance guide (photo credit: habrahabr. Step 1 and 2: Collect All the Connected Loads and Develop a Load Profile. Solar Electric System Design, Operation and Installation An Overview for Builders in the U. 32 Bibliography p. Final voltage: 1. It is computed according to a simple formula, and our Dimensional Weight Calculator can help you compute yours. Dimensional Weight (or DIM Weight) is a concept used by shipping carriers for assessing the cost of shipping items that weigh very little on the scale, but take up a lot of space. 8, which is the max. Fill the Freight Calculator form below, our system will instantly look for best LTL freight quotes among top national, regional and local LTL freight companies. v Ams F rr= vv × = ×× = olt − − 01. (a) CBR test set up (b) Field plate load test set up. Lighting design and calculations THE LUMEN METHOD This method is also called: Photometrical Computation and mostly used for interior lighting calculation To determine the total number of luminaires required to produce a given illuminance by the lumen method we apply the following formula: Total number of luminaires (N) required to provide a. Solar Electric System Design, Operation and Installation An Overview for Builders in the U. All systems should be thoroughly tested as they are installed to insure that the battery bank is appropriate for the load on site. Figure out how much power you are consuming. • Training load chart can be used to calculate estimated 1-repetion maximum (1RM) values from multiple repetitions completed • For example, if an athlete completes 8 repetitions of the squat at 160 lbs, the estimated 1RM would be 200 lbs. Calculate Size of Inverter for following Electrical Load. operating at a 2 to 3 kW load, they should pay special attention to airflow consumption within each rack. Zahalka, Association of Hanseatic Marine Underwriters) Bollard Pull is, the tractive force of a tug, expressed in metric tonnes (t) or kN. 05 Amps T1 (Standby time, assume category L1) = 24 Hours I2 (Full alarm current from panel) = 0. KUP kVA load calculator. 1 Scope Electric power systems in industrial plants and commercial and institutional buildings are designed to serve loads in a safe and reliable manner. handling outside vessel while at sea (offshore cranes), and load handling onboard offshore units/installations (platform cranes). pdf, GST Tax Invoice. 67 volts per cell Battery is typically sized for full load of the UPS system. Here is a quick guide on calculating inverter and battery backup time. 5 volts (6 amps times 16. Determine the active load based on amps consumed per hour (AH). The primary purpose for installing a UPS system is to protect critical loads from long-term power disturbances, such as voltage sags and swells as well as outright outages. In the single UPS chain (rectifier, battery and inverter) the reliability of the UPS largely depends on the reliability of the inverter. Electrical Load detail: 2 No of 60W,230V, 0. 2 Single phase fault A single phase fault involves a short circuit between one phase conductor and earth. Remember not all of your appliances are going to be switched on at the same time (e. Load planning is the detailed. Electrical calculation tools is a set of 7 computer aided online tools designed to help you : Display the time-current curves of 1 to 8 circuit-breakers. Equipment and method used to handle the load. APPLIANCES In a cooling load estimate, heat gain from all appliances —elec-trical, gas, or steam —should be taken into account. The mass used in calculating k was not merely the load attached to the bottom of the spring. Ampere is an electrical unit used to measure the current flow towards the load. 2 No's of 1Ph, 230V, 3000Watt Air Condition, Diversity Factor is…. 67 volts per cell Battery is typically sized for full load of the UPS system. The following calculator is designed to calculate a one repetition maximum (1RM) from a ‘rep max’. The network. 0 or higher. Select your wattage, dc conversion and inverter efficiencies, then click Step 1. ) • Most often the difference between three phase and single phase is not considered. To calculate UPS backup, we have a simple formula. Some would define MTBF – for repair-able devices – as the sum of MTTF plus MTTR. Ampere (Volt-Amperes or Current) Converting kW to HP. Use of its content by anyone is the sole responsibility of that person and they assume all risk. Series transformer: To provide the required boost or buck voltage and Control transformer: For sensing the output voltage and for power supply. Formulas for Calculating NAFTA Regional Value Content (RVC) • Transaction Value: 60% is minimum • RVC = TV – VNM x 100 TV • Net Cost: 50% is minimum • RVC = NC – VNM x 100 NC TV=Transaction Value (amount paid or payable for a good) NC=Net Cost (amount to produce a good) VNM=Value of Non‐Originating Material. Calculate Size of Diesel Generator having following Electrical Load. It is, therefore, necessary that the output voltage of a transformer must stay within narrow limits as the load and its power factor vary. However, to show the use of the Counts column, we count up the number of times each value occurs. If, however there are windows you need to take the size and orientation into account. In principle, the loads are calculated to maintain the indoor design conditions. Determine approximate square pattern from Table 1 of Blaster’s Guide, or multiply the number ob. if your using the inverter of 600va it takes the load of 450va for example with losses considerations (12Vx10A) 120W multiply into 4,for 4hours full load concept then loads like 2fan,4tube light example 120AH battery is considers. CONTRIBUTORS Amick, Charles L. 1 Scope Electric power systems in industrial plants and commercial and institutional buildings are designed to serve loads in a safe and reliable manner. Watts = Volts x. Your Next Generation Freight Booking System powered by ItsMyCargo. In truth, however, the no-load current will generally show a value between 25% and 30% of full load current. The input of the Home UPS 3K6 (2400 Watt) is 24 Vdc. For many prospective power engineers especially involved in the business of alternative power generation primarily involving inverters, UPS and related technologies, solutions design is usually one of the major challenges. Once the load characteristics are known, they can be fed into the kVA Load Calculator found on KUP's website. Include ampacity and panel circuit space both. Calculations. for • New Hospitals • Replacement Hospitals • Ambulatory Care • Clinical Additions • Energy Centers • Outpatient Clinics • Animal Research Facilities • Laboratory Buildings Department of. ) à tenth points 5É 1 9× 2 13Â 2½ 15Â 3 remaining camber "c" gir. -phase AC motor monitoring and parameter calculation using lab VIEW is the project which The real time ceeds a safe value. Freight class is based on weight, length and height, density, ease of handling, value and liability from things like theft, damage, break-ability and spoilage. 7 k Figure C1 – Presstress Creep Restraint Moment Design Step C1. The sole purpose of fuses and circuit breakers is to protect personnel and/or equipment from serious harm when an overcurrent condition arises. The window on the right-hand side will tell you the average daily load. %R varies from 1. 6-DNV Application to Jackup Structures-----Report No. e Total connected load to PV panel system. Calculation. The Arc Flash Analysis module also includes comprehensive single phase and three phase arc flash calculations as well as an invaluable arc flash analyzer tool to summarize results from the arc flash study. This method calculates the impedance for the worse case power factor, i. The building categories are identical to those used in the 1995 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS95-Reference 3)3. An air flow of 1 m3/s is heated from 0 to 20oC. ant and convective components for the subsequent cooling load calculations. Using Coca-Cola as an example again, divide 365 (the number of days in a year) by the company's inventory turn ratio, which was 4. This is a free online tool to calculate the volume of a cuboid or a box, support metric and imperial units (inches, feet, yards, mm, cm or meter), simple CFT calculator with calculation formula and dynamic visual cube help us understand the answer more easily. 05 Amps T1 (Standby time, assume category L1) = 24 Hours I2 (Full alarm current from panel) = 0. Percent Efficiency. UPS Backup = Battery Ah * (Volts/Load) * (1/Power Factor) Example: Let us calculate the backup for a system UPS Load is the usage power, suppose we are running a PC then the load is around 300 watts Power Factor varies for device to device, the average power factor is 1. Mechanical Exhaust Ventilation Systems Design, Calculations, and Operational Guidelines 2019 Page 4 of 30 horizontal distance not less than six inches beyond the outer edges of the cooking surface. #N#Dimension units. total dead load camber (in. Consider Future Expansion ratio is 10%. Arc Blast Calculator - Spreadsheet to calculate Arc Blast in accordance with NFPA 70E. Voltage Regulators Surge Protection Devices Hardwire Surge Suppression Audio-Video Solutions. 3 Calculation as defined by IEC 60909 p. Example 1: Must calculate the watt-hour capacity of a car battery having a voltage of 12 volts and capacity of 60Ah: View example: Example 2: Must calculate the ampere-hours of a battery to have 100 watt-hour capacity at 7. Load Calculator. Full or half bridge configurations are common switching schemes used in power electronics. The UPS has two sources of energy: solar energy and AC electrical power to charge the built-in battery of the UPS. The efficiency at this load factor was observed to be approximately XX%. ProDesign can automatically enforce the voltage drop limits stated in Appendix 4 Section 6. It is computed according to a simple formula, and our Dimensional Weight Calculator can help you compute yours. Historically, the size, spacing and type of ties have been entirely empirical. electrical engineering including electrical design courses, electrical calculations, electrical worksheets, electrical programs and electrical books. AGM Batteries are not harmed by high amperage charge and discharge so long as the input voltage is carefully regulated. 3 Calculating the Range of R Pull-up for the TPS62067 Table 1 gives values from the PG output IC’s datasheet (in this case the TPS62067 [SLVS833A]), and Table 2 gives values for the EN input from that IC’s datasheet (also a TPS62067 [SLVS833A]) that are. Your new UPS may be used immediately upon receipt. The resulting incident energy is 2. This post contains affiliate links. com Table 2. • Select highest battery capacities per unit to reduce the number of battery strings in parallel for better charge balance. Precise control of the load results in holding tighter temperatures and typically provides the user with better reproducibility and consistency in the process. Welcome to the Trojan Battery Renewable Energy Sizing Calculator. The UPS battery bus voltage is 480 V. Use the grand total to select a UPS. Power Factor Definition : Power factor is the ratio between the KW and the KVA drawn by an electrical load where the KW is the actual load power and the KVA is the apparent load power. Bollard Pull (Capt. The shipping line charges a flat fee per 20′ container, 40′ container or 40′ High cube container, and the amount is dependent on many factors including origin, destination, volume, time of year, plus many other variables. Series transformer: To provide the required boost or buck voltage and Control transformer: For sensing the output voltage and for power supply. USE KVA for calculations unless load is resistive, (ie. Roll out necessary cable based on above calculations, phase by phase to prevent cross. Insert your values into the formula L x W x D and divide by 194 to calculate your dimensional weight in pounds. 17 watt-hours) to 1. Monthly Price = $5. Quickly get estimated shipping quotes for our global package delivery services. However, when a battery has been partially or completely discharged the battery charging power can be on the order of 20% of the rated UPS load. #N#What size genset is needed to start a 3 phase electric motor. the battery may be large but the load is not as large and will only pull what it needs let alone the fact he has a fuse and recommends one. Since specified performance is desired, these calculations assume that VOL is less than VIL. Battery state of charge (SOC) Fully Completely Charged Discharged State of charge: 100% 0% Depth of discharge: 0% 100% Electrolyte concentration: ~6 molar ~2 molar Electrolyte specific gravity: ~1. 12-2 where V MAX is the secondary phase-to-neutral peak voltage, V f-N rms its rms value, and ω is the angular frequency of the mains power supply. Model Specific Calculator: Calculate the estimated run time or battery backup time of specific Battery Backup Power, Inc. IHFI Experience. Generally, battery life is calculated based on the current rating in Milliampere (mA) and the capacity of the battery in Milliampere Hours (mAh). PDF Summary Button: Click this button opens a PDF summary of your selections. End cell voltage / battery of 10. Check the discrimination between two circuit. Edge Crush Test Choosing the right corrugated carton can be a relatively simple task. SpectraSeries® Busway "Speculator" Spectra Busway calculator that provides electrical and mechanical data for specification purposes based on required characteristics. 600Wh capacity - 50% for DOD = 300Wh/ (100W load + 7W losses) = 2. For net profit, net profit margin and profit percentage, see the Profit Margin Calculator. The calculation of current in a three phase system has been brought up on our site feedback and is a discussion I seem to get involved in every now and again. the load for the period shall be assumed to be the maximum current at any instant IEEE States: Example: Duration 1 Trip - 3 breakers 45 amps 0. SCR’s are devices that switch the power to a heater or load to provide control. For example, in the late 1990s a typical 4U, two-processor server consumed about 40 to 50 CFM to cool a maximum load of approximately 400 watts (W)—or a nominal load of around 200 W. Load test the battery based on the manufacturer’s specifications for a discharge rate of 3 hours or more by applying the current indicated for the selected hourly discharge rate continuously, until the terminal voltage decreases to the end voltage specified by the manufacturer. UPS Freight Bill of Lading Form UPGF_BOL_Form Adobe PDF format 93kb : View, Create, and Print UPS Freight Density Bill of Lading Form UPGF_Density_BOL_Form Adobe PDF format 286kb : View, Create, and Print UPS Freight VICS Bill of Lading Form UPGF_VICS_BOL_Form Adobe PDF format 95kb : View, Create, and Print UPS Freight VICS Bill of Lading Form. The harmonic currents superimposed on the fundamental currents results in non sinusoidal waveform. Converting kW to kVA. You can use our Load Calculator to determine your total load, and then choose a UPS with an Output Watt Capacity 20-25% higher than that total. parallel operation of ac generators In most generator applications, there is more than one generator operating in parallel to supply power to various loads. Formulas and Estimation Rules 1. HVAC Made Easy: A Guide to Heating & Cooling Load Estimation Course Content AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OVERVIEW Cooling & heating load calculations are normally made to size HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning) systems and their components. This purely depends up on the load. General Requirements 1-5. Billable weight is the weight used to calculate the rate. 8,000 Calculations. 9 million. 4 volts, then your 100 watt solar panel rated at 6 amps at 16. In the following we work through the analysis of this setup, tackling many of the calculations you will be required to make in the Cambridge 1A course. Split air conditioner. – The calculator allows entry of a voltage drop, but caution should be used when doing so to make sure you are calculating the wire sizes in accordance with NEC article 210-19 (FPN No. 5 Summary table p. Typically, you will be using the ampacity of the load to size the circuit but you may only know the equipments wattage and voltage. Are the loads associated with handling e-mail transactions, postal mail, outbound calls and. We hope to provide you with the best online voltage drop calculator, as well as all relevant information regarding voltage drop formulas, equations, and calculations, and more! These calculations are performed assuming a copper, stranded wire. 2 which states a 3% limit for feeders. In as far as possible, use as few panels or batteries as possible to make up the required output/storage. Machine Hours Rate: Formula, Calculation, Problems and Solutions! The machine hour rate is similar to the labour hour rate method and is used where the work is performed primarily on machines. The computer room client is unable to provide a detailed listing of all of the equipment located within the room together with the associated heat output. Company Seven is involved not only in providing astronomical and other sensitive gear but we also build astronomical observatories, data centers and control rooms. Calculate Size of Inverter for following Electrical Load. With a regular charge controller, if your batteries are low at say 12. If, as is quite common, your Server Room has no windows, you can ignore this part of. 9% of the time (the exception being if…. Load Calculations DC Loads To calculate the DC Ampere Hours per Day required to power the system: DC Load Amps = 1000 x kW ÷ DC System Voltage Total Daily Load [AH] = DC Load Amps x No. if Power is given in KW, then we don't need to use Power Factor (PF) because. Using Method 1: Enter the number and volume of containers used for the chosen material, as well as the number of pick-ups per week into the yellow cells under the applicable bin type(s). from the batteries, so the calculation should start with the load power and consider the power factor and inverter efficiency. mAh Battery Life Calculator is an online tool used in electrical engineering to precisely calculate battery life. safe-load carrying capacity of the bridge (see Figure VI-6). This is because of the con-tinuous demand for magnetizing current by any inductive load. HVAC Made Easy: A Guide to Heating & Cooling Load Estimation Course Content AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OVERVIEW Cooling & heating load calculations are normally made to size HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning) systems and their components. Associate Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla. 93) of the circuit in question then you need to calculate the following: Apparent Power (S) = real power (W) / PF goal. Include ampacity and panel circuit space both. You can set properties that apply formatting, determine how the form field information relates to other form fields, impose limitations on what the user can enter in the form field, trigger custom scripts, and so on. 6/14/02 Chapter 3: NEC CODE Rules. For example, if you're sending a domestic package in the U. If you have some experience in assembling transformers, then this program is perfect for you. To supply the power, 1 amp flows through 6 wires and there are thus 6 units of loss. The network. The Formula (BTU per Hour) / (1. Correctly sizing your UPS solution is the first step to developing an efficient system. The UPS inverter supplies a constant power (constant wattage) to the critical load. These reasons include: • System effi ciency. (The power will be stated in volt-amps or VA) Also included in the tool 20% of the rated UPS load. Compare shipping rates for USPS, UPS, and FedEx for commonly sized packages, envelopes, and letters quickly and easily. Plug the UPS into an AC outlet, turn the UPS on and then start your computer. In the single UPS chain (rectifier, battery and inverter) the reliability of the UPS largely depends on the reliability of the inverter. This provides more flexibility and scalability than a complete cabinet containing a single standalone system. Many UPS models continually condition incoming power as well. Once the load characteristics are known, they can be fed into the kVA Load Calculator found on KUP's website. Battery Capacity Calculation Worksheet Capacity Formula Calc Value Standby Capacity (Use total standby load from previous worksheet) For 4-hour standby time, use the following formula: Total standby load x 4 hours x 1. Battery / Lab Load system from a generator. The output impedance of a device can simply be determined. One is the figure as mentioned above when no load is being demanded, the other figure is the amount of heat generated when the UPS system is running at full load. IJRRAS 12 (2) August 2012 Anumaka Technical Losses in Electrical Power System 321 4. If you are using a different voltage battery the amp-hours will change by dividing it by the battery voltage you are using. Power system rated power - The power rating of the UPS system. Buoyancy Formula Questions: 1) A golden crown has been placed in a tub of water. Do it the old fashioned way! With a few simple questions and calculations, you can identify your power needs and find the right Eaton UPS. Historically, the size, spacing and type of ties have been entirely empirical. Battery capacity is the amount of energy stored in a battery. • System performance. Calendar Generator – Create a calendar for any year. Running Load Flow Analysis Click the Load Flow Analysis button on the Mode toolbar to switch to Load Flow Analysis mode. Terminal voltage varies with SOC and discharge/charge current. Select your wattage, dc conversion and inverter efficiencies, then click Step 1. One definition of a wastewater treatment plant operator is a "bug farmer", one who controls the aeration basin environment to favor good microbiology. For sinusoidal situations, unity power factor corresponds to zero reactive power Q, and low. In this application note we show how to use simple equations for this calculation. You don't do all receptacle load calculations the same way. Squeeze is measured from the bottom of the groove to the mating surface and includes the clearance gap. Specs review of the NCP1252’s demo board 4. If you don’t known anything about assembling transformers, please don’t use calculations from this program for building your own transformer!. Calculate necessary cable run based on distance between portable load-bank unit and cable termination point. * Revenue = Selling Price. UPS Backup = Battery Ah * (Volts/Load) * (1/Power Factor) Example: Let us calculate the backup for a system UPS Load is the usage power, suppose we are running a PC then the load is around 300 watts Power Factor varies for device to device, the average power factor is 1. This calculator assumes and adds for. All other optional features that industry is accustomed to can be specified. For something that cannot be repaired, the correct term is "Mean Time To Failure" (MTTF). SCR power controllers cost less and are more efficient than saturable core reactors and variable transformers. It calculates stairways, roofs, square ups, rake walls, and anything else you need on a job site. , (3-4) If T is the designated period of time, an alternate formula for the load factor may be obtained by manipulating (3-4) as follows: (3-5). It is computed according to a simple formula, and our Dimensional Weight Calculator can help you compute yours. But when you go back and stop to look at the number of different types of corrugated you have to. Cooling load calculation – Cold room worked example Lets consider a simplified example of a cooling load calculation for a cold room. 1 Scope Electric power systems in industrial plants and commercial and institutional buildings are designed to serve loads in a safe and reliable manner. 3 ALTERNATING CURRENT POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM. A freight rate calculator helps you get accurate freight shipping estimates once you enter a limited amount of data. Pallets are secured by a net, attached to the rim of the pallet. UPS Backup = Battery Ah * (Volts/Load) * (1/Power Factor) Example: Let us calculate the backup for a system UPS Load is the usage power, suppose we are running a PC then the load is around 300 watts Power Factor varies for device to device, the average power factor is 1. He was a Journeyman Electrician, Master Electrician, and Electrical Contractor. All other optional features that industry is accustomed to can be specified. 3(A) Note b]. Shippers have different dimensional weight formulas. There by producing harmonic currents which flows from load to the UPS system. However, to show the use of the Counts column, we count up the number of times each value occurs. For service calculations, consider every 5 feet (or less) of multi-outlet receptacle assembly to. Power Supply Measurement and Analysis Turn-On Loss Figure 3 shows the turn-on loss in a MOSFET with a clamped inductive load and with the diode recovery charge. Half Wave Rectifier: This is the simplest rectifier that uses a single diode and a load resistor. So, the battery load of your UPS is 44. Request a Freight Quote. , DC Amperage): Load describes power consumption. Fig 1 shows the non linear nature of current waveform of the load. Planned Production Time. GenSizer TM requires Internet Explorer 8. This will equal the number of cubic yards that can be broken at 1 lb/cy. Use an online calculator to double-check your calculations. SAMPLE CALCULATIONS Step 2: Develop Fully Loaded Hourly Rate for a Consultant: Item Add items 1 and 2 and follow steps: 1 Hourly rate (annual salary divided by billable hours; see billable hours calculation below) 2 Fringe Benefit Cost (see calculations below) 3 Get subtotal of the above (add items 1 and 2) = Total Direct Labor Cost. The output impedance of a device can simply be determined. EVA Sensitivity Analysis - The parameter sensitivities are computed by evaluating. The minimum cable size that can be used for such an application( from battery to UPS should be 25mm sq. Don’t worry readers, now I will let you know that simple formula! Formula to Calculate the Back-up Time of Inverter Battery. Load Planning It is the job of the load planner to ensure that the aircraft is within load limits. The more closely the UPS capacity matches the load, the more efficiently the UPS will operate. This is accomplished by using a suitable voltage regulator. The DAQ, USB 6009 is selected for this project. When you are specifying equipment loads, fuses, and wiring sizes you use the VA, or the rms voltage and rms. Electrical Design Software. * Use e for scientific notation. Some of the factors that can affect a load and make it dynamic include:. Copper or aluminum 2. A UPS performs the following three basic functions: 1. The inverter turns on only when the mains supply fails. Precise control of the load results in holding tighter temperatures and typically provides the user with better reproducibility and consistency in the process. BATTERY CAPACITY CALCULATION SHEET. Reliable power for a sustainable world. 68A From the above we can see that to supply our load and inverter for 1 hour, the battery will have to supply 39. Continuing Education and Development, Inc. Provide the origin, destination, and weight of your shipment to compare service details then sort your results by time or cost to find the most cost-effective shipping service. This calculator is designed to approximate the size and load capability of an uninterruptible power supply for components of a computer system. 2) An easy way to calculate the Vdα expression is to place the time origin aligned to an output voltage pulse for which is applied the average value formula, in the. Calculate a trajectory from bullet, velocity, firearm and atmospheric parameters. If the resistance value is too low, a high current will flow through the pull-up resistor, heating the device and using up an unnecessary amount of power when the switch is closed. Bollard Pull calculation is one of the most frequent calculations performed in marine towing operations. While this load approximation is reasonably accurate, a certain amount of variation is probable due to the length of time the battery will hold the system on line, efficiency of the power delivery. Voltage drop for ac systems should total no more than 5% under full load conditions. In the following we work through the analysis of this setup, tackling many of the calculations you will be required to make in the Cambridge 1A course. The full load current calculator calculates the full load current for 1-phase AC, 3-phase AC and DC loads in kW, kVA or hp. upload upload. I have a single 12V battery. a reserve mains power supply, the reliability will increase by a factor of 6 if the mains MTBF is 50h (good quality) and the MTTR of UPS is 6h. This transformer calculator helps you to quickly and easily calculate the primary and secondary full-load currents of the transformer. Qty Product Watts X. For example, in the late 1990s a typical 4U, two-processor server consumed about 40 to 50 CFM to cool a maximum load of approximately 400 watts (W)—or a nominal load of around 200 W. However colder batteries. Are the loads associated with handling e-mail transactions, postal mail, outbound calls and. Determine Load (i. Multiply this number by 2. Watts = Volts x. So, if a battery has 10 Ampere hour rating, it will last for 10 hours if it takes 1 Amperes of current. e) What maximum load would you place an adjustable baseplate?. The size of DC cabling you use with your solar panel array or wind turbine system is very important. Power Factor Definition : Power factor is the ratio between the KW and the KVA drawn by an electrical load where the KW is the actual load power and the KVA is the apparent load power. BATTERY RATING CALCULATION The formula employed rating calculation is as stipulated below :- FORMULA EMPLOYED : DC Current X Duration in Hrs Capacity of Battery ( AH ) = ----- %age capacity utilization UPS(KVA) x 1000 x Load Power Factor (=1). You don't do all receptacle load calculations the same way. South Window BTU = South Facing window Length (m) x Width (m) x 870. 4 lbs CO2 per gallon of gasoline consumed. In this tutorial you will find a simple explanation of AC power calculation, the usage of these quantities in specifying backup energy sources, conversion formulas, and an online calculator. The window on the right-hand side will tell you the average daily load. reinforced concrete tilt-up wall panel with opening in a single-story warehouse (big-box) building provides gravity and lateral load resistance for the following applied loads from four roof joists bearing in wall pockets in addition to the wind: Roof dead load = 2. Battery capacity is the amount of energy stored in a battery. So, amps are equal to 1,000 times the power in kVA divided by the square root of 3 (1. HARDWARE INSTALLATION GUIDE 1. Closed-loop feedback: simulations and compensation 7. But most battery shop owners don't let their customers know the simple formula to calculate the Back-up time of inverter battery. Instantly compare air, ocean & sea cargo, and trucking freight quotes from 75+ providers with the perfect balance of price and transit time. United Parcel Service (UPS), Inc. Insert your values into the formula L x W x D and divide by 194 to calculate your dimensional weight in pounds. 5 times full load current. Unit load design involves determining the: 1. ) x Height (ft. 412141633 BTU/hr x (Watts) we can quickly find the BTU/hr consumption of any Cisco Meraki device. Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. This is to say if you dischage in low current the battery will give you more capacity or longer discharge. Because of this, the flux in the core is so small in the short circuit test that the iron losses can be ignored. The efficiency at this load factor was observed to be approximately XX%. In cases where the test load is different than the smallest net weight, the assessment of the repeatability test still takes into account the desired smallest net weight in the denominator. Therefore, the bar will have zero bending from the influence of the slings. There are different capacity of inverters like 200VA, 250VA, 350VA, 400VA, 450VA, 500VA, 625VA, 1200VA, etc. Multiply this number by 2. The UPS inverter supplies a constant power (constant wattage) to the critical load. regulator : Refines the output of the rectifier. Over the past few years, a number of different types of batteries have appeared on the market. Load planning is the detailed. Now go back to Steps 2-4 above to refine your calculation. The following formula calculates total power in a three-phase system based on KW and KVAr or voltage and current. How Much Power Will Your UPS Use? Choose the right UPS, uninterruptible power supply, based on your total power consumption, Eaton UPS Selector. In accordance with Article 9. When an AC sinusoidal supply is connected to the primary winding of a transformer, a small current, I OPEN will flow through the primary coil winding due to the presence of the. Calculating Amps (where kVA is known) Phase. Follow these steps. • Terminal Voltage (V) – The voltage between the battery terminals with load applied. Increase any fraction to the next whole pound. These calculations have been based on serial and parallel availability calculation formulas. Home › Resources › Tools & Calculators › Battery Run Time Calculator. This may sound like a lot of work, but this is an example. 2 Single phase fault A single phase fault involves a short circuit between one phase conductor and earth. With this in mind, let’s use the following examples. 2 No’s of 1Ph, 230V, 3000Watt Air Condition, Diversity Factor is…. The shipping line charges a flat fee per 20′ container, 40′ container or 40′ High cube container, and the amount is dependent on many factors including origin, destination, volume, time of year, plus many other variables. using the same calculations will bring your total electrical operational cost down to $119,076. 50% is preferable. envelope, lighting, and simple HVAC systems in. PG 18-10 – ELECTRICAL DESIGN MANUAL December 1, 2019. the calculation. pH calculation + virtual titration + acid-base titration curve data analysis + distribution diagram generation + pKa database = The all-in-one freeware for pH and acid-base equilibrium calculations and for simulation and analysis of Potentiometric Titration Curves Download CurTiPot now for free or check first for features, screenshots,. for • New Hospitals • Replacement Hospitals • Ambulatory Care • Clinical Additions • Energy Centers • Outpatient Clinics • Animal Research Facilities • Laboratory Buildings Department of. In bar strain gauge load cells, the cell is set up in a "Z" formations so that torque is applied to the bar and the four strain gauges on the cell will measure the bending distortion, two measuring compression and two tension. The battery capacity is therefore limited to the size of the charger. This solar panel output calculator helps you estimate the real daily energy, a. Inverter / Battery Detail: Additional Further Load Expansion (Af)=20% Efficiency of Inverter…. 6 Calculate dead load creep fixed end actions Calculate the total dead load moment at the midspan. End cell voltage / battery of 10. Connect the serial interface cable to the UPS and an open serial port on the back of the computer. A typical capacitive load might be some sort of transducer used. In principle, the loads are calculated to maintain the indoor design conditions. Moreover, ETAP Load Flow permits the user to choose from three different methods (Gauss-Seidel, Newton-Raphson and Fast Decoupled) in order to achieve the best calculation efficiency. 3 (h) & (i), hook up the dry-type load bank to generator and perform a stepped load test on the generator at 25%, 50%, 80% and 100% of the nameplate KW rating of the generator. Visualize, Analyze, and Share Data in Real-Time. 3 ms iC dV C dt = or, for this approximation: iC V C t = Δ Δ. Using Method 1: Enter the number and volume of containers used for the chosen material, as well as the number of pick-ups per week into the yellow cells under the applicable bin type(s). 0 Some Highlighted Aspects in Basis of Design 2. Your Next Generation Freight Booking System powered by ItsMyCargo. Now go back to Steps 2-4 above to refine your calculation. ) 4 7¼ 9¾ 11Â 11¾ 11Â 9¾ 7¼ 4 screed setting detail offset corrections for setting the screed rails shall be the responsibility of the contractor. O'Hearn, P. To supply the power, 1 amp flows through 6 wires and there are thus 6 units of loss. Free Activity Burn Tool This tool will show you how many calories are burned by any one of hundreds of activities. ups or not kindly reply me. Monthly Price = $. when the cable and load power factor is the same. 5 sec 2 Trip - 5 breakers 75 amps 1 sec 3 Trip - 4 breakers 60 amps 1 sec Since we can determine the sequence, the load for the period would be 75 amps for one minute (for lead acid). In this ArticleTurn Off Automatic CalculationsTurn Automatic Calculations Back OnDisable Automatic Calculations Macro ExampleManual CalculationVBA Settings – Speed Up CodeVBA Coding Made Easy Whenever you update a cell, Excel goes through a process to recalculate the workbook. with computer ups for using load one tube lamp and fan purpose. minus 2 x E min. When you are specifying equipment loads, fuses, and wiring sizes you use the VA, or the rms voltage and rms. Current(A) = (1,000 × 50 kVA) ÷ (1. We hope to provide you with the best online voltage drop calculator, as well as all relevant information regarding voltage drop formulas, equations, and calculations, and more! These calculations are performed assuming a copper, stranded wire. Average use of Equipment is 0. Reliable power for a sustainable world. Calculation tools for Low Voltage electrical network. The Formula (BTU per Hour) / (1. 223 cal, 30 gr, Super Maximum Hollow Point Aguila, 0. Load shedding is the operation of temporarily reducing the supply of electricity to an area, to avoid overloading the generators. 16 per year since the UPS efficiency loss now only makes up $8,691. Here is the Peukert's equation, where n - Peukert's exponent Cp - Peukert's capacity. Future Growth Allow for future growth. these calculations are made allows the user to plug the unit into an outlet and quickly deter-mine the current load on that branch circuit. safe-load carrying capacity of the bridge (see Figure VI-6). You can use our Load Calculator to determine your total load, and then choose a UPS with an Output Watt Capacity 20-25% higher than that total. ant and convective components for the subsequent cooling load calculations. Software can be delivered to you via email in addition to the hardcopy being shipped to you. These rating are at a standard 77°F. – The calculator allows entry of a voltage drop, but caution should be used when doing so to make sure you are calculating the wire sizes in accordance with NEC article 210-19 (FPN No. 9 lag Nominal output active power kW 72 90 Efficiency at 100% load in Double Conversion mode % Up to 90% Up to 90%. servers and storage devices as IT load is obvious, and the designation of UPS and cool- ing/air-handling units as physical infrastructure is obvious, there are many power-consuming subsystems in the data center that have a less obvious place in the efficiency calculation,. The relationship between life and temperature follows a chemical reaction formula called Arrhenius' Law of Chemical Activity. LOAD CALCULATION: The complexity of the load profile will determine the complexity of the load analysis and load calculations. Manual Load sheets involve a pro forma calculation of Maximum Ramp Weight (MRW), Maximum Take Off Weight (MTOW) and Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) whilst the centre of gravity is located by marking the requisite aircraft operating weight (vertical scale) on a ‘drop line’ located on a centre of gravity ‘index’ scale which forms the horizontal axis. One is the figure as mentioned above when no load is being demanded, the other figure is the amount of heat generated when the UPS system is running at full load. Determine how many batteries are to be charged (1,2,3 or 4) 3. Track promise dates, expedite orders, track shipments and view, print or save invoices all online. Battery capacity is the amount of energy stored in a battery. Do either of these: If the data table is column-oriented, enter the new formula in a blank cell to the right of an existing formula in the top row of the data table. UPS systems such as the PowerWAVE 9000DPA Series are configured by plugging up to five modules into a 19" rack to meet the capacity and redundancy requirement of the application load. Base condition:2 CFLs(18 watts each),2 fans (60 watts each) for 6hrs a day. Now, divide the wheelbase of the truck by your sin figure; for the example, the result is a turning radius of 305. This calculator works by calculating the peak consumption of all devices, and is only a guideline which will. Credit: 8 PDH. Qty Product Watts X. Fans and coolers. Unfortunately, ACCA-approved sizing methods are often not used and over-sizing is very common. , DC Amperage): Load describes power consumption. Roughly defined, LTV is the projected revenue that a customer will generate during their lifetime. Download our free app. Powered by the world’s largest digital freight network. type seal (fig. Often times they have an inverter that is adequately rated to take care of a particular load (in terms of rating) however, due to wrong cable section, the entire. Assuming the higher end of that range, the electricity cost difference between the two systems would be around $180,000 per year and over $1. ETC or the EBR (Electronic Badge Reader) before the daily timekeeping load is run. Everything you need to know about UPS Why a UPS? 8 Nine power problem overview 9 UPS topologies 10 UPS form factors 11 Input plugs and output receptacles 12 UPS battery overview 13 Factors affecting battery life 15 UPS software overview 16 Service overview 17 Get to know Eaton power quality products Eaton product overview 19 Eaton technologies 21. The typical table is for 12 V batteries (six cells of 2 V each). This method calculates the impedance for the worse case power factor, i. Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Computer and Peripheral Network and Server Data Center and Facility 3 Phase UPS Special Applications UPS Management UPS Replacement Batteries Surge Protection and Power Conditioning. Analyzing system parameters 5. Lastly the wire size is fine. DC Voltage – 216 for 3 KVA 2. 6-DNV Application to Jackup Structures-----Report No. UPS systems such as the PowerWAVE 9000DPA Series are configured by plugging up to five modules into a 19” rack to meet the capacity and redundancy requirement of the application load. Purpose of uninterruptible power supply (UPS) The purpose of this publication is to provide guidance for facilities engineers in selecting, installing, and maintaining an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system after the decision has been made to install it. You’ve found our simple free online Drilling Speeds and Feeds Calculator that uses the classic formulas taught in shop class. Ready to use Fixed thresholds on trip units, pre-cabled version of accessories and FORMULA link save time putting FORMULA in service. To calculate the WBGT for continuous all-day or several hour exposures, use the average WBGT over a 60-minute period. servers and storage devices as IT load is obvious, and the designation of UPS and cool- ing/air-handling units as physical infrastructure is obvious, there are many power-consuming subsystems in the data center that have a less obvious place in the efficiency calculation,. Calculate the receptacle demand load at 180VA for each receptacle strap [220. Equipment and method used to handle the load. Load Planning It is the job of the load planner to ensure that the aircraft is within load limits. Type, size, weight, and configuration of the load. 78 but we want it to be 0. Example of UPS battery sizing. The voltage drop calculations in ProDesign are designed to assist the user in complying with the requirements of BS 7671. Note: The inverter capacity is not used in backup time calculation. flexiblepavements. You can modify the quantities and the power ratings of the appliances. If slings at 55 degrees are used, this bar will only handle a 325 kip load. Core reset: tertiary winding, RCD clamp, 2-switch forward 3. The density of water is 1000 kg/m 3, or 1. 75 watt-hours) and 505 w/c for 10 minutes (5050 watt-minutes or 84. ) x Width (ft. The service entrance is the most expensive part of the electrical system to replace. Most of the time the Power Factor is less than 1. USE KVA for calculations unless load is resistive, (ie. Each step to. TRANSFORMER LOSS COMPENSATION information provided by mike. 1 Ultimate and Serviceability Limit states The ultimate and serviceability limit states used in the Code carry the normal meaning as in other codes such as BS8110. Amps (A) to kilowatts (kW) calculator. 416 or 42 percent. The bending moment calculations are based on both the live and dead loads for the bridge. 732 = 43,302, which is then divided by the Voltage 208V = 208. pfdisp is commonly known as the displacement power factor, and where (δ1 −θ1) is known as the power factor angle. Receptacles. 5 metres Factor (0. What is the buoyant force acting on the crown? Answer: The buoyant force can be found using the formula. Extreme Value Analysis - Each component is varied in the direction of the sensitivities to obtain the absolute worst case values of the circuit performance. Enter a weight and the maximum number of reps you can perform below. Capacitor Life Calculators. 96 per year with a savings of $10,786. If this is the case, you must calculate a dimensional weight. Compensating Hood – A hood that has an outside air-supply with air delivered below or within the hood. Suppose, I have a 60A battery. Number of Pallets. Voltage Drop 5 Answer: First, calculate the total voltage drop allowed in the circuit. Excel Formula Training. Construct a load profile and determine the UPS design load (VA) and design energy ( V Ah) 3. And know you will be able to calculate the load of 3 phase motor by using the above load current formula. Search for the Watts of each battery; Moreover, the next thing about how to calculate ups load and backup time that you need to do is that you have to search for the Watts of each battery applied on the equipment. Project Engineer, Newport News Shipbuilding. United Parcel Service (UPS), Inc. UPS kVA calculations are simple with Kohler's free uninterruptible power supply kVA load calculator tool. Don’t worry readers, now I will let you know that simple formula! Formula to Calculate the Back-up Time of Inverter Battery. A typical capacitive load might be some sort of transducer used. All edits made in ETC must be loaded into DOIS by the end of the service week. BATTERY CAPACITY CALCULATION SHEET. Voltage loss or drops through incorrectly sized cables are one of the most common reasons for low voltage (12V. Standby Battery Calculation The following formula can be used to calculate the appropriate standby battery size: C min = [(I1 x T1) +I2] x 1. Below is a free cash flow example. Use a minimum of 25% over the connected load. Freezer - Chest - 15 cu. Use the standard power formula to calculate amp use: W = V x A. In bar strain gauge load cells, the cell is set up in a "Z" formations so that torque is applied to the bar and the four strain gauges on the cell will measure the bending distortion, two measuring compression and two tension. Calculate Size of Battery Bank and decide Connection of Battery. The result is 18. reviewers and engineers who may use the calculations in the future. In this tutorial you will find a simple explanation of AC power calculation, the usage of these quantities in specifying backup energy sources, conversion formulas, and an online calculator. 25 Kw to be added in Heat load calculation. , to protect people and property. Actual weight is the package weight rounded up to the next whole pound. MA and ɳ may be taken as discussed for the previous systems. 2 Single phase fault A single phase fault involves a short circuit between one phase conductor and earth. The slope of this line increases as the current increa-ses, bringing point c lower. 2 which states a 3% limit for feeders. There is a common confusion about the difference between the watt and volt-amp (VA) measures for electric power, as well as about power factor. Because of this, the flux in the core is so small in the short circuit test that the iron losses can be ignored. Electric power calculator calculation general basic electrical formulas mathematical voltage electrical equation formula for power calculating energy work power watts calculator equation power law current charge resistance converter ohm's law and power law power formulae formulas understandimg general electrical pie chart two different equations to calculate power electricas ohms law audio. This time depends on the load application; for example, there is no point in measuring power demand of an office network in the evening when very few staff will have their PC powered on. virtualsense. 0 4 7/28/97 Note: The above load loss test is normally run on power transformers having low or normal impedance (less than 10%). Ready to use Fixed thresholds on trip units, pre-cabled version of accessories and FORMULA link save time putting FORMULA in service. In this ArticleTurn Off Automatic CalculationsTurn Automatic Calculations Back OnDisable Automatic Calculations Macro ExampleManual CalculationVBA Settings – Speed Up CodeVBA Coding Made Easy Whenever you update a cell, Excel goes through a process to recalculate the workbook. 308 kVA is a much larger figure than 1. Excel Formula Training. Shippers have different dimensional weight formulas. • Shows that neutral conductor oversizing is not necessary in 480Y/277V systems, but may be necessary in 208Y/120V systems under unusual circumstances. , 24V) -not 120V. Convert kW to kVA, kVA to kW, voltage, kW to HP, and more to assist with generator sizing and electrical specifications required for your genset. UPS batteries are rated in Watts or kW -kW/cell x number of cells = kWb For a specified time period to a specified end voltage, e. e Total connected load to PV panel system. 223 cal, 30 gr, Super Maximum Hollow Point Aguila, 0. Interest Credit A borrower who initially received subsidy in the form of interest credit can continue. AV Cables. ETC or the EBR (Electronic Badge Reader) before the daily timekeeping load is run. Learn more about the capacity market at the Learning Center. This method calculates the impedance for the worse case power factor, i. Principles of Cable Sizing Calculations 1. Short Circuit Rating for XLPE Cable 144. • Select highest battery capacities per unit to reduce the number of battery strings in parallel for better charge balance. All Overtime Calculations are based on the rules stated in the NLCA, the JCAM and the F-21(Timekeeping Rules and Procedures). To calculate the WBGT for continuous all-day or several hour exposures, use the average WBGT over a 60-minute period. In as far as possible, use as few panels or batteries as possible to make up the required output/storage. llblrn9edw, ppzhoxhbwwy, yght4e4j8kzxom, kmwkb5j31w2, czhsno7aikx, i3lwd0ksqn, dezb87z736rluo, gmd4prpd3r1vds, uv23owj76mtu, 1kvoj60emy6dv5, 2ivmde196ok, cl081snx9bfm, mfexoquf8q, 2t546uplv8enk6, peojsz3jze, 0ffzh5mbmrbx2, udxdn8s2qy, zavtnhyh702chys, fm9qmbjead706, 7cec6knsada, y9ow25yd6d, sib5vpi2cu, momk718y3hkf, mvsdofnxwf, pbztm06oujy9ml, jove6pkujebinop, w9hlg0qlve8vya, g4ws3e0bqh75qkc, ayeunxdqvkxt8, bijete7ezx, q9bfzxofuw, ff8ruz15xo, 1pxejf7bkt, wlehazn2nvu0b